Lake Nakuru National Park encompasses the alkaline lake of the same name and is frequently visited by hundreds of thousands (sometimes more than a million) of greater and l esser flamingos — and more than 400 bird species in all. Located 100 miles (160 km) northwest of Nairobi on a fair road, the park covers 73-square miles (188-km2) — most of which is the lake itself.
Nakuru has been declared a black rhino sanctuary and has a fair number of these endangered animals. A small population of white rhino has been reintroduced from South Africa. Other wildlife includes lion, leopard, Rothschild’s giraffe (introduced), waterbuck, reedbuck, hippo, baboon, pelican, and cormorant. The lake is an important stopover for thousands of migratory wading birds that head to and from Europe each year.